Honduras can be partitioned into three grand regions according to physical geography, population composition, and local attitude.The largest of these subdivisions is the western and central highlands where Spanish-speaking people of Indian-Spanish (mestizo) heritage comprise the bulk of the population.

The downstream portions of these rivers are navigable to shallow-draft vessels, but upstream from the first rapids only dugout canoes can be used for local travel and commerce.

Lake Yojoa, a large highland lake, 16 kilometers long, is remarkable for its beautiful mountain landscapes and world-class largemouth bass.

Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 1989) The Republic of Honduras occupies a prominent pivotal position in the seven-country Central America land bridge that connects North and South America.

Throughout western and central Honduras rugged mountains of moderate height, reaching 9,000 feet (2,750 meters) above sea level in a few places, are interspersed with many upland valleys.

The central and western highlands are pine covered, and the eastern lowlands and the north coast grow tropical hardwoods.

A vibrant forest products industry and the desire to clear lands for pasture often produce conflicts over the best policy for forestry developments.

The seasons are expressed not so much according to temperatures, as in most of North America, but more according to the distribution of rainfall throughout the year, as in Spain.

Between January and May the verano, or dry period, occurs, and invierno, the wet season, extends from June to December.

The mountain ranges are generally from west to east, but some valleys trend northward and southward, as around the 112,000-acre (45,000-hectare) Comayagua Valley of central Honduras.

These well-watered zones of little slope have been the most favored sites of human settlement in both aboriginal and modern times.

In area Honduras, with more than 43,000 square miles (112,000 square kilometers), is the second largest country in Central America, only a bit smaller than neighboring Nicaragua.