Additionally, in cultures valuing restraint, leisure activities are of lesser value, which may prove important to consider in selecting functional therapy activities. Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context.Cultures valuing indulgence place higher importance on leisure and so activities considered enjoyable may be more appropriate for individuals with this cultural trait. Content Disclaimer: The Practice Portal, ASHA policy documents, and guidelines contain information for use in all settings; however, members must consider all applicable local, state and federal requirements when applying the information in their specific work setting.Individuals from a weak uncertaintiy avoidance cultural background may feel more comfortable with the unknown and have less need for a definitive prognosis.

as a cultural value tends towards a perception of helplessness and that what happens in one's life is beyond his/her own control.

Clinicians may find that, in response to a disability, individuals from a culture of indulgence feel that they have control over their future level of function and participation in life activities; meanwhile, individuals from a background of cultural restraint may have a sense of helplessness and be less actively involved in taking control over their involvement in functional activities outside of the clinic.

Individuals from a long-term orientation culture tend to order relationships according to status, which may influence how an individual and caretakers respond to a diagnosis.

This dimension identifies the extent to which a society allows "relatively free gratification of basic and natural human desires related to enjoying life and having fun," as represented by the "indulgence" point on the continuum, relative to a society that "controls gratification of needs and regulates by means of strict social norms" (Hofstede 2011).

The individualism-collectivism dimension may also influence an individual's perceptions of disability.

After suffering an injury, an adult with a highly individualistic cultural background may be focused on self-sufficiency and independence.The individualism-collectivism dimension relates to a societal, not an individual's, characteristic and identifies the extent to which people in a society are integrated into groups.In an individualist society, there is an expectation that individuals look after themselves and connections between individuals are loose; while in a collectivist society, individuals are integrated into strong, cohesive groups, which may often involve extended family.Extended family may be very involved in caretaking.Power distance refers to the extent to which less powerful members of organizations and institutions (including the family) accept and expect unequal power distributions.Caretakers may see their role as primarily to facilitate a return to self-care.