Sometimes, the scams are long and stretched out with the scammers attempting to get as much money out of you as possible by cooking up a variety of medical complications.

Do not send money if you are in a similar situation because it is probably a scam.

The general storyline is she will want to come visit you but does not have enough money and will ask you to send her money to help pay for the plane ticket and/or visa.

Once you do send the money however, it is unlikely that the visit will ever actually materialize.

The sums usually run up to millions of dollars with the victim being promised a huge chunk of it for their "help".

Like all scams, there is a last minute problem and you will be requested to send some money to ensure everything goes smoothly.

While the stories may vary slightly, the general plot then talks of a person (usually a corrupt government employee) who has come across a large sum of money and needs your assistance to get the funds out of the country.

The money could be cash, gold bullion, blood diamonds, gold dust, checks etc.

The stories may range from a businessman having an accident while in Nigeria for work to a helpless woman being stranded in Ghana; from asking for charity donations for Africa to a family member having a brain hemorrhage while in Africa.

At the end of the day they all have the same basic plot – there is an emergency and won’t you please send them some money?

They do not ask for money to buy the ticket or even for visa expenses… However, there is usually a last minute glitch and they will request you to send them a large amount of money without which the trip will be impossible.

These scammers know immigration rules and regulations well and might even cite some sort of visa requirement as their reason for requesting money.

Again, most often these scammers will pretend to be a Western man but in reality they will be scammers based in Africa.